FTP stands for File Transfer Protocol which is regarded as a standard network protocol utilized for the transfer of computer files between a client and server on a computer network.
FTP is based on a client-server model architecture using separate control and data links between the client and the server. File Transfer Protocol users may authenticate themselves with a clear-text sign-in key, usually in the form of a username and password, but can anonymously communicate if the server is configured to allow this. File Transfer Protocol is often secured with SSL / TLS (FTPS) or replaced with SSH File Transfer Protocol (SFTP) for secure transmission that protects the username and password, and encrypts the content.
Command-line programs built before operating systems had graphical user interfaces were the first FTP client applications and are still shipped with most Windows, Unix , and Linux operating systems. Since then, many FTP clients and automation tools have been developed for desktops, servers, mobile devices, and hardware, and File Transfer Protocol has been implemented in productivity applications, such as HTML editors.
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